Currently, CBD and TCH are the most popular natural compounds. You have probably heard about cannabis and its products as more states continue to legalize their use. Marijuana is a plant that makes a substance, which contains compounds known as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids cause drug-like reactions in the human body. Cannabis products contain two primary cannabinoids: cannabidiol (CBD), and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). You can find TCH and CBD in both marijuana and hemp. However, marijuana has more THC content than hemp, while hemp has a lot of CBD. Here are five things to know about CBD compared to marijuana.
- Chemical Structure. Both compounds have the same chemical formula: 21 carbon, 30 hydrogen, and two oxygen atoms. However, the arrangement of these atoms makes all the difference. This arrangement gives CBD and THC different chemical properties, which affect your body diffidently. However, both work with receptors that release neurotransmitters in your brain. CBD and THC can influence things like mood, pain, memory, and sleep.
- Body Effect. In marijuana, THC is the primary psychoactive compound. THC is what makes users feel “high.” The brain has two types of cannabinoid receptors. THC binds with these receptors to control feelings of pain, mood, and others. CBD does not cause any “high” feeling. Instead, it works with other body elements that are linked to feelings of well-being.
- Medical Benefits. Experts recommend CBD products to people who have arthritis, diabetes, and multiple sclerosis. Some people also suggest that CBD helps with anxiety, chronic pain, and insomnia. The U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved one CBD-based drug: Epidiolex. Scientists continue to do studies on CBD. Clinical records show that more than 200 CBD trials are either active or recruiting. THC also has some medical benefits, which include easing things like nerve pain, nausea, glaucoma, and multiple sclerosis pain.
- Legality. As time moves on, laws on cannabis are changing. Currently, many U.S states legalize medical marijuana that contains THC. However, it is still illegal under federal law. Some states have also legalized recreational marijuana with THC for personal use. After the Farm Bill of December 2018, Congress legalized hemp. Nevertheless, there are rules on where and how you can sell CBD products. For instance, you cannot sell some CBD products across state boundaries. As such, it is always wise to check your state laws before buying CBD or THC products.
- Side Effects. Both CBD and THC have a few side effects. However, CBD alone does not have any known side effects. According to studies, the only potential side effects of CBD are the result of interactions with other medications. A THC user may experience temporary side effects such as dry mouth, red eyes, memory loss, slow response, and feeling of being “high.” Teenagers may experience severe psychiatric effects of getting high since their brains are still developing. However, neither THC nor CBD has fatal side effects if taken correctly.
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