Chronic pain is considered the most widely spread form of long term infirmity in America. It can be results of a number of disease like diabetes, cancer and heart problem. Sometimes the pain for people is unbearable and they seek refuge in pain killers which in turn have numerous side effects. Individuals have suffered a lot are quite frustrated dealing with first the excruciating pain and then fighting with its side effects. Statistics have shown a horrific picture of 100 million people suffering from chronic pain only in the US. The pharmaceutical companies have no permanent cure for these individuals in anguish so far.
When it comes to curing the pain with drug therapy, we are only left with two options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid prescription medicines. Opioid drugs have a great tendency of addictions which can be fatal in case of an overdose. Due to this dreadful situation, people are searching for more natural and herbal treatments of the pain. One such treatment is administrating marijuana to relieve the pain. It is not a popular method because of the lack of awareness amongst the medical community. It can be used in the form of pills, marijuana coffee and some products are also available with marijuana edible packaging. It is one of the widespread substitutes to conventional pain medications. It can relief from certain forms of pain like inflammation and nerve damage. Although, enough studies and evidence have to be collected in this area to get the products with marijuana to be approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, some circumstantial confirmations indicate an improvement in the pain management of the patients.
In this article, we will discuss some of the aspects by which marijuana can be a lifesaver by reducing the amount of pain in our body.
- Bond of Pain and Marijuana
Cannabis contains a number of components which play a vital role in temporary sure of nausea, pain and other forms of chronic pain. The center of pain relief in the cannabis plant is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC is indicial to the natural body compound cannabinoid which is stimulated and connects with the brain’s cannabinoid receptors. As a result, it decreases the levels of pain by activating the reward system of our brain. The downside of this element is that it is psychoactive and is responsible for making you high when you consume marijuana. On the contrary, CBD doesn’t have those side effects and is more active in making a connection to our body in reaction to the pain. It works with pain receptors of our body to create pain relieving and anti-inflammatory outcomes. CBD works on the neurotransmitters to send signals of calm and relief to our brain which in turn decreases the pain in our body. Some studies show that it can be used to cure some forms of cancer as well by killing the infected cells in our body but it is still not backed by enough evidence.
- Artificial and Therapeutic Marijuana
Medical marijuana is the plants in its natural form and its extracts. It is currently approved by United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat two conditions which are severe forms of epilepsy that result in seizures and currently no cure is discovered for it yet. Epidiolex is the drug used for the disease that contains CBD only. The second is for pain relief in patients during the treatment of HIV. The drugs called Dronabinol and Nabilone consisting of artificial THC and can only be used in extreme conditions of nausea and vomiting due as side effects of the cure. There is a long way to go for FDA to approve medical marijuana to approve for pain.
On the contrary, a number of the drug are categorized to have the same effects as marijuana as they have synthetic components of cannabis attached to it. These drugs are harmful and not recommended for any purpose by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). As they are not real marijuana, their effects can be catastrophic and fatal a couple of times. Scientists have tried to duplicate marijuana artificially but they are not successful until now.
- What forms of Pain is treated from Medical Marijuana?
Therapeutic Marijuana can have various pain-relieving effects on our body. However, the concrete evidence in this field is lacking and the results are based on case to the case method. For example, it has proved to cure nausea in one patient but has no effect on the other. Usually, the doctors recommend it on the basis of anecdotal evidence or success stories from people. Marijuana can be useful in curing the following symptoms in our body:
- Chronic pain due to some heart condition or diabetes
- Diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea due to the medication in HIV patients
- Increase in appetites for AIDS and Cancer sufferers
- Cramps due to exercise or intense workout sessions
- Panic attacks induced by stressful work routines
- Itching due to an allergic reaction
- Anxiety and depression
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Relief in eye pressure called glaucoma
- Neurological movement disorder called dystonia
- Tourette’s syndrome
- Breathing disorder during sleep
- Relief from chemotherapy and radiotherapy pain in cancer patients
Pain is a sign which tells our body that something is not right. People seek help to get rid of it due to a number of reasons. It may be because of an injury in an accident or due to some chronic disease spreading throughout our body. Nowadays, medical marijuana is prescribed by a number of medical practitioners. Even with its proven positive effects, it is still not legal in many countries around the world including the United States. More or less some form of medical marijuana is approved to be given under extreme circumstances only and under the supervision of a medical assistant. We still have a long way to demonstrate the affirmative characteristics of the drug and its uses in our daily life.