Sports are usually associated with a healthy lifestyle. It has the goal of strengthening the body. However, along with its useful qualities, sports are also extremely dangerous for human health. Some of the consequences may reveal after years of professional sports, while others may happen at any time even with amateurs.
Even when you observe all the safety precautions, it is possible to get injured. Broken and fractured bones are common when an athlete falls or gets hit. Serious traumas may bring you to a physical therapy center. Therapists may help relieve your pain and boost the regeneration, but in the most severe cases, it is impossible to continue doing sports.
Another category of injuries is connected with the overuse of joints and ligaments. Repeated wrist movements like in baseball or tennis wreck the havoc. Running wears out knees and ankles. ACL tears are common for soccer players and jumpers. In the end, you are left with constant pain and then need for rehabilitation.
What can you do to prevent traumas and joint injuries? If your kind of sports requires safety equipment – wear it every time you train. Be sure to do some stretching and warming up before you actively engage in sports. Change the kind of physical activities if possible, so you don’t overload some parts of your body with excessive training.
Even small head traumas can be dangerous. When your brain hits the surface of the skull it affects the brain function. The most dangerous condition is when the brain vessels get damaged and bleeding occurs. This can lead to amnesia or even to death.
Symptoms may reveal some time after the head injury. Usually, concussion is followed by nausea, headache, ringing in ears, blurry vision and fatigue. Sense disorders, hypersensitivity, insomnia, problems with memory may show up in a day or two after the head trauma.
Concussions are common for those who do contact and vehicle sports. Wearing a helmet can prevent your head from injury. Still, if you see somebody hit on the head, don’t let them continue physical activity. If the symptoms of concussion are severe and include vomiting or loss of consciousness – call an ambulance.
Sprains and Strains
Athletic kinds of sports can provoke overstretching of ligaments or muscles. Sprains occur when a ligament is damaged. The most common are ankle sprains. Strains are overstretched muscles or tendons. Their symptoms are similar: pain, swelling, and difficulties while moving. Sprains can also result in bruising around the damaged area.
A good stretching before you start doing sports is necessary. Be sure that you use the required equipment and your shoes fit you. If you have difficulties with walking or standing for a couple of days or your joint gets numb, contact your local physical therapy center.
Some sports with heavy equipment boost the risk of getting heat exhaustion. Especially, when the activity is done in warm weather. Football is one of those sports. If you notice excessive sweating, dizziness, racing pulse, and muscle cramps – stop before you get a heat stroke. Drinking fluids and taking breaks can prevent overheating.
Wrestling and martial arts and any sports that include skin contact have the danger of skin infections. Ringworms and rushes can be the result of rolling on mats together with a bunch of strangers. You can’t take other people’s hygiene in your own hands, unfortunately. But you can take showers, use antibacterial soap, put on clean clothes, and regularly disinfect your own equipment.
Too much pressure on joints may lead to inflammation of a bursa sac. These sacs are filled with fluid and smooth the movement of your joints. If you continuously repeat the same actions for a long time, you are at risk of bursitis. The symptoms are pain, swelling, and in the most dangerous cases – fever. Don’t ignore such symptoms, otherwise, they may develop into arthritis and physical therapy will be necessary till the rest of your life.
In case you do sports just to keep fit, keep in mind that the mainstream phrase “no pain – no gain” does more harm than good. Intensive exercises heighten blood pressure and have a negative impact on a heart. Regular moderate physical activity, on the contrary, helps to build stamina and strengthens the cardiovascular system.